Rectifier and how they work - Fiberglass RV


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Old 06-22-2011, 02:00 PM   #1
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Rectifier and how they work

Basic operation
According to the conventional model of current flow originally established by Benjamin Franklin and still followed by most engineers today, current is assumed to flow through electrical conductors from the positive to the negative pole.[2] In actuality, free electrons in a conductor nearly always flow from the negative to the positive pole. In the vast majority of applications, however, the actual direction of current flow is irrelevant. Therefore, in the discussion below the conventional model is retained.
In the diagrams below, when the input connected to the left corner of the diamond is positive, and the input connected to the right corner is negative, current flows from the upper supply terminal to the right along the red (positive) path to the output, and returns to the lower supply terminal via the blue (negative) path.

When the input connected to the left corner is negative, and the input connected to the right corner is positive, current flows from the upper supply terminal to the right along the red (positive) path to the output, and returns to the lower supply terminal via the blue (negative) path.[3]


AC, half-wave and full wave rectified signals.[4]




In each case, the upper right output remains positive and lower right output negative. Since this is true whether the input is AC or DC, this circuit not only produces a DC output from an AC input, it can also provide what is sometimes called "reverse polarity protection". That is, it permits normal functioning of DC-powered equipment when batteries have been installed backwards, or when the leads (wires) from a DC power source have been reversed, and protects the equipment from potential damage caused by reverse polarity.
Prior to the availability of integrated circuits, a bridge rectifier was constructed from "discrete components", i.e., separate diodes. Since about 1950, a single four-terminal component containing the four diodes connected in a bridge configuration became a standard commercial component and is now available with various voltage and current ratings.
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Old 06-22-2011, 02:03 PM   #2
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Will the bridge rectifer work with - DC as the input on either input lead outputing the correct polilitary for the LED bulb?
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Old 06-22-2011, 05:40 PM   #3
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Will the bridge rectifer work with - DC as the input on either input lead outputing the correct polilitary for the LED bulb?
Yes it will. In fact many small electronic items have a small full-wave bridge rectifier installed within the box so you can use either a DC or AC wall-wart for power. The only downside is the pair of diode drops which reduce the voltage available at the output by about 1.4V.
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Old 06-22-2011, 09:12 PM   #4
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Originally Posted by Orlen Wolf View Post
Yes it will. In fact many small electronic items have a small full-wave bridge rectifier installed within the box so you can use either a DC or AC wall-wart for power. The only downside is the pair of diode drops which reduce the voltage available at the output by about 1.4V.
Another advantage of the bridge is that a DC source can be connected without regard to polarity.
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