Lots of interesting posts since I last checked in.
I have been looking into winter camping very seriously. It is one on my goals for my pickup camper. I will have my walls insulated to R9 and the windows
are R2 with storm installed, which can be improved it I cover some of these with rigid insulation. I also will have an air lock door in the hallway to the bathroom which leads to the outside door. I can also block off the cab over bed since I will be sleeping on the dinette closer to the fire for easy tending. That makes it all smaller and reduces my BTU/ hour needs as low as possibly for extreme cold.
My decision was to heat with a Sardine wood stove. I'm getting the plain cast iron with the glass side panel. Wood heat is a great idea though it would be tough full timing by yourself. These don't burn very long on wood so I will be making my own charcoal and prepackaging them into small, medium,and large bundles in paper lunch bags for night time. My shower will be my wood storage and I'll burn wood as much as possible.
By the way CO is most dangerous in the last stages of a fire when there is less draw in the flue.
I considered the Fatsco stoves, but these don't have windows. The Sardine is better suited to cooking, heating water, and viewing the fire.
Now if I wanted to live in Winnipeg in the winter I would use a wood stove and possibly a pellet stove. Pellets would work great for unattended operation but they require electricity. A pellet stove would keep a 5th wheel toasty warm, but you might want to model the heat loss to validate that.
I have been toying with some plans for a pellet stove that did not require electricity (using gears and weights like a grandfather clock) and also considering making a self feeding rocket stove base on a design I saw on YouTube. There is a fellow using another rocket stove in a trailer with good success and he claims he uses less fuel because of the more complete burn. It does require frequent tending.
Just as one fellow talked about using ice to store cooling energy. I'd like to put my surplus heat into heating water so that when I go to sleep as the fire burns out, the hot water tank sitting on my stove will continue to radiate heat for a while.
Tent stoves like the four dog or smaller three dog stoves put out a lot of heat and have heat reservoirs of 3.5 to 4 gal of water. Something like that might be good in Winnipeg. If that can keep tents warm, the can keep a 5'er warm. These tend to go cold quickly though.
I also plan to avoid black water waste by using an incinerator toilet. Gray water will go into a 5 gal bucket to be dumped. That would be helpful in Winnipeg as he had electricity and removes the disposal problem. I an going for this type of toilet simply because I don't want to deal with black water and I won't be near dump stations. I'd rather carry a generator
and extra solar
panels and a good sized battery
bank. So water won't be a problem as most of my plumbing will no be used.
I would like a propane
heater also I am not sure I have space for it. I also judge it dangerous in conjunction with wood stove use.
I would also like a propane
stove top, so I may just use my camper in winter mode with wood stove for heat and cooking, and propane
for warmer weather.
Wood or pellets make dry heat. That gets rid of the moisture problem at inside air is ducked into the stove.
I suppose if I had a 5th wheel it would be a cheap one. I'd seriously think about ripping it apart and super insulating it. If I was the only one living in it, I'd frame it off and panel it with an extra foam 4" for the walls and ceiling , along with an air lock entrance. It might be ugly but it would be warm.